Four dead, including attacker, after London terror strike

Five people were killed and 40 others injured in a terror attack in central London on Wednesday when a man drove into pedestrians and stabbed a police officer before being shot dead.

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The attack took place on Westminster Bridge near Big Ben and the British Houses of Parliament, popular landmarks that draws millions of tourists.

The attacker’s car struck pedestrians on the bridge before crashing into the railings surrounding the heavily-guarded Houses of Parliament.

The assailant then ran through the gates brandishing a knife and stabbed unarmed 48-year-old PC Keith Palmer to death before being shot dead by another officer.

PC Keith Palmer who was killed during the terrorist attack on the Houses of Parliament, London. (Metropolitan Police)Metropolitan Police

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A woman from South Australia is among those injured.

Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull revealed the Australian permanent resident was receiving treatment in hospital.

British police have arrested a number of people in a raid on a property in Birmingham just hours after the deadly attacks, according to news reports in London.

The raid was linked to the assailant from Wednesday’s attacks.

British Prime Minister Theresa May described the attack as “sick and depraved” in an address from Downing Street in which she confirmed the UK parliament would meet as normal on Thursday.

Following an emergency cabinet meeting Mrs May said Britain’s alert level would remain unchanged at severe.

“We will all move forward together, never giving in to terror and never allowing the voices of hate and evil to drive us apart,” Mrs May said.

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A woman from South Australia is among the injured in the London terror attack, parliament has been told.

Inviting British High Commissioner Menna Rawlings into the parliamentary chamber on Thursday to listen to condolence speeches, Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull revealed an Australian permanent resident had been injured and was receiving treatment in hospital.

Islamist-related terrorism

Britain’s top counter-terrorism officer Mark Rowley said the five victims included the policeman guarding parliament, three members of the public and the attacker.

“Islamist-related terrorism is our assumption,” Rowley told journalists.

He said investigators believe they know the identity of the assailant and police would be examining the scene of the attack through the night.

Queen Elizabeth II postponed her appearance on Thursday to open the new headquarters of London’s Metropolitan Police, where the force’s flag was flown at half-mast following the incident.

The attack came a year to the day after Islamic State jihadists killed 32 people in twin bomb attacks in Brussels and after a series of deadly assaults in Europe that had hitherto spared Britain.

WATCH: Eyewitness describes the London attack

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Parliament was locked down for several hours and hundreds of lawmakers and visitors were later evacuated to nearby Westminster Abbey and the Metropolitan Police headquarters.

An air ambulance flew in and police cordoned off a large area, while tourists on the London Eye, a popular visitor attraction, were stuck up to 135 metres in the air for more than an hour.

Related:’Everybody started screaming’

Witness Matt Haikin told SBS News he initially thought the attack was just a car accident. 

“Then when I heard the shots it was clear something had happened. At that point I was starting to get a bit worried that this could have been much, much bigger,” Mr Haikin said. 

Another witness, Steve Voake, said he was walking across the bridge at the time of the attack. 

“Suddenly everybody started screaming and one of the buses stopped. At first I thought someone had been run over perhaps,” he told SBS News. 

“I saw there was a shoe on the side of the road, a body on the other side of the road and another body further up. When I looked over the side of the bridge there was a body floating face down in the water as well”. 

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Mr Voake said it took around four minutes for emergency services to begin arriving on the bridge. 

“It probably seemed like about four or five minutes before anything happen,” he said.

“The first person to arrive was a medic on a bike I think. Then some ambulances arrived pretty quickly, then just after that police started to arrive.” 

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Craig Meichan was with a group of 15 friends at the time of the attack and said they struggled to find each other in the immediate aftermath.

“You don’t expect this thing to happen to you, so when it does you get this incredible feeling of vulnerability and fear,” he told SBS News.

Australia stands in resolute solidarity with the people of Britain in war against terrorism. Our heartfelt sympathies are with the victims.

— Malcolm Turnbull (@TurnbullMalcolm) March 22, 2017’We are not afraid’ 

Britain’s last terror attack was the assassination of MP Jo Cox by a pro-Nazi sympathiser in her constituency in northern England.

The worst previous attack in London was in 2005 when four British suicide bombers inspired by Al-Qaeda attacked the transport system, killing 52 people.

Britain’s allies reacted with shock and vowed to stand with London in the fight against terror.

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US President Donald Trump and French President Francois Hollande both spoke to May and Chancellor Angela Merkel said Germany stood with Britons “against all forms of terrorism”.

Lights on the Eiffel Tower in Paris were switched off at midnight in solidarity with victims of the attack.

‘International victims’

French Foreign Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault is due to travel to London on Thursday morning to visit three French pupils on a school trip who were among those hurt.

Five South Korean tourists were wounded, the Yonhap news agency reported, while the Romanian foreign ministry said two Romanians were also injured.

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A Portuguese man was hurt, the country’s government said, while a seriously injured woman was rescued from the River Thames following the incident.

A doctor at nearby St Thomas’ Hospital said they were treating people with “catastrophic” injuries.

Watch: Dramatic footage of the moment of attack on Westminster Bridge

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Islamic terrorism linked to attack: Fallon

British Defence Secretary Michael Fallon says the working assumption is that the London attack is linked to Islamic terrorism.

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He told BBC Radio Four’s Today program: “It was no accident that this attack was on Westminster, because it is at Westminster that we debate differences, very sharp differences, very freely and respectfully between us, and this kind of Islamic terrorism doesn’t respect those differences, so it is no accident that there was an attack here.”

Fallon said police were investigating whether the attacker acted alone or had help.

“Our forces are working extremely hard to identify those who are involved in this and I have every confidence they will be able to track down the associates of this particular man.”

Asked if it was known the attacker had associates, Fallon said: “No. The police have to proceed on the assumption that he may well have been assisted in this task. There may well have been others involved. They have to check all that and they are doing that.

“The working assumption is that this is related to Islamic terrorism in some form. That is their assumption at the moment, but they don’t have a full enough picture of this man and his known associates, and who may, or may not, have helped him prepare this attack. That work is still going on.”

Fallon praised the police response, saying: “They have been working right through the night, looking into his background, and how he got hold of the vehicle, where the vehicle has been in the last day or two, and who may, or may not, have helped him.”

Asked if the attacker was known to police, he said: “I can’t confirm that, you will have to ask the police that.”

Fallon said a spirit of defiance was the best response to such attacks.

“It is also, I think, evident form everyone involved yesterday that we are not going to let this kind of terrorism win.”

Scientists closer to anti-ageing drug

Scientists are a step closer to unlocking the mystery of how to reverse the ageing process.

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They’ve discovered that a natural compound found in fruit and vegetables including avocado and broccoli can help repair DNA that’s been damaged by ageing and radiation exposure.

Their discovery has attracted interest from US space agency NASA and sparked hope that it might one day help improve the long-term health of children with cancer.

So far the scientists from the University of NSW and Harvard Medical School in the US city of Boston have only tested the compound known as NMN in mice.

They plan to start clinical trials to test its safety in 25 people later this year in Boston.

Their work, published in the prestigious journal Science on Friday, builds on previous studies demonstrating the anti-ageing effects of NMN in older mice.

The latest study focused on NMN’s ability to repair DNA, which gets damaged every time we go out into the sun or are exposed to radiation.

The ability of our cells to repair the damage decreases as we age.

The scientists found that giving mice a dose of NMN in their drinking water improved the ability of their cells to repair DNA damaged by radiation or old age.

“The cells of the old mice were indistinguishable from the young mice after just one week of treatment,” the study’s lead author professor David Sinclair, who works at the UNSW and Harvard and shot to fame after identifying anti-ageing qualities in red wine more than a decade ago.

“This is the closest we are to a safe and effective anti-ageing drug that’s perhaps only three to five years away from being on the market if trials go well.”

NASA is working with Prof Sinclair and his UNSW colleague Dr Lindsay Wu to see if NMN could help protect astronauts from having their body cells age prematurely as a result of being exposed to cosmic radiation.

The scientists won a NASA competition in 2016 designed to help the space agency send astronauts to Mars.

“That trip will take two years in each direction, so that’s four years of being exposed to cosmic radiation and this is likely to cause a substantial amount of DNA damage to those astronauts,” Dr Wu told AAP.

The scientists believe NMN could also help repair the damaged DNA of aircraft passengers exposed to cosmic radiation as well as children with cancer who have undergone radiotherapy.

Dr Wu said nearly all childhood cancer survivors go on to develop by age 45 chronic illnesses including cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and Alzheimer’s – conditions usually associated with older adults.

The radiotherapy is blamed for causing the children’s cells to age prematurely.

“Our primary goal at the moment is treating the side effects of radiotherapy primarily because that’s where the biggest need is,” Dr Wu said.

“There’s nothing else out there to treat those side effects.”

Up to US, North Korea to ease tensions: China

China has become increasingly frustrated with American and Japanese criticism that it should do more to rein in Pyongyang.

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China is North Korea’s closest ally, but Beijing, too, is angry with its continued nuclear and missile tests.

North Korea said on Saturday it had conducted another successful test of an intercontinental ballistic missile that proved its ability to strike the US mainland, drawing a sharp warning from Trump and a rebuke from China.

Video of the latest missile test appears to show it breaking up before landing, indicating Pyongyang may not yet have mastered re-entry technology needed for an operational nuclear-tipped missile, a think tank reported on Monday.

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe spoke with Trump on Monday and agreed on the need for more action on North Korea just hours after the US Ambassador to the United Nations said Washington is “done talking about North Korea”.

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A White House statement after the phone call said the two leaders “agreed that North Korea poses a grave and growing direct threat to the United States, Japan, the Republic of Korea, and other countries near and far”.

It said Trump “reaffirmed our ironclad commitment” to defend Japan and South Korea from any attack, “using the full range of United States capabilities”.

Trump tweeted on Saturday after the missile test that he was “very disappointed” in China and that Beijing profits from US trade but had done “nothing” for the United States with regards to North Korea, something he would not allow to continue.

Asked by a reporter on Monday how he plans to deal with Pyongyang, Trump said at the start of a Cabinet meeting: “We’ll handle North Korea… It will be handled.”

0:00 Trump won’t allow China to ‘do nothing’ on North Korea Share Trump won’t allow China to ‘do nothing’ on North Korea

China’s Foreign Ministry, in a statement sent to Reuters responding to Trump’s earlier tweets, said the North Korean nuclear issue did not arise because of China and that everyone needed to work together to seek a resolution.

Russia said on Monday the United States and other countries were trying “to shift responsibility for the situation to Russia and China” following the most recent missile test.

“We view as groundless attempts undertaken by the US and a number of other countries to shift responsibility to Russia and China, almost blaming Moscow and Beijing for indulging the missile and nuclear ambitions of the DPRK (North Korea),” the Russian Foreign Ministry said in a statement.

At the United Nations in New York, China’s UN ambassador said on Monday it is primarily up to the United States and North Korea, not Beijing, to reduce tensions and work toward resuming talks to end Pyongyang’s nuclear weapon and missile programs.

The United States and North Korea “hold the primary responsibility to keep things moving, to start moving in the right direction, not China,” China’s UN Ambassador Liu Jieyi told a news conference to mark the end of Beijing’s presidency of the UN Security Council in July.

“No matter how capable China is, China’s efforts will not yield practical results because it depends on the two principal parties,” Liu said.

Chinese Vice Commerce Minister Qian Keming told a news conference there was no link between the North Korea issue and China-US trade.

“We think the North Korea nuclear issue and China-US trade are issues that are in two completely different domains. They aren’t related. They should not be discussed together,” Qian said.

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China, with which North Korea does most of its trade, has repeatedly said it strictly follows UN resolutions on North Korea and has denounced unilateral US sanctions as unhelpful.

Nikki Haley, US Ambassador to the United Nations, said in a statement China must decide if it is willing to back imposing stronger UN sanctions on North Korea over Friday night’s long-range missile test, the North’s second this month.

Any new UN Security Council resolution “that does not significantly increase the international pressure on North Korea is of no value”, Haley said, adding that Japan and South Korea also needed to do more.

Abe told reporters after his conversation with Trump that repeated efforts by the international community to find a peaceful solution to the North Korean issue had yet to bear fruit in the face of Pyongyang’s unilateral “escalation”.

“International society, including Russia and China, need to take this seriously and increase pressure,” Abe said. He added Japan and the United States would take steps towards concrete action but did not give details.

Abe and Trump did not discuss military action against North Korea, nor what would constitute the crossing of a “red line” by Pyongyang, Deputy Chief Cabinet spokesman Koichi Hagiuda told reporters.

“Pyongyang is determined to develop its nuclear and missile program and does not care about military threats from the US and South Korea,” state-run Chinese tabloid the Global Times said on Monday.

“How could Chinese sanctions change the situation?” said the paper, which is published by the ruling Communist Party’s official People’s Daily.

China wants both balanced trade with the United States and lasting peace on the Korean peninsula, its official Xinhua news agency added in a commentary.

“However, to realize these goals, Beijing needs a more cooperative partner in the White House, not one who piles blame on China for the United States’ failures,” it added.

The United States flew two supersonic B-1B bombers over the Korean peninsula in a show of force on Sunday in response to the missile test and the July 3 launch of the “Hwasong-14” rocket, the Pentagon said. The bombers took off from a US air base in Guam and were joined by Japanese and South Korean fighter jets during the exercise.

“North Korea remains the most urgent threat to regional stability,” Pacific Air Forces commander General Terrence J. O’Shaughnessy said in a statement.

“If called upon, we are ready to respond with rapid, lethal, and overwhelming force at a time and place of our choosing.”

US begins Russia drawdown

The United States has begun removing furniture and equipment from a diplomatic property in Moscow in the first sign of compliance with a Kremlin order to slash its presence in Russia as retaliation for new US sanctions.

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President Vladimir Putin has ordered the United States to cut 60 per cent of its diplomatic staff in Russia by September 1 and says Moscow will seize two US diplomatic properties in response to sanctions approved by Congress last week.

The White House has said US President Donald Trump will sign the sanctions bill, meant as a response to alleged Russian meddling in the 2016 presidential election and to further punish Moscow for its 2014 annexation of Crimea from Ukraine.

On Tuesday, removalists began dismantling play equipment and barbecues at a US-owned dacha on the outskirts of Moscow, after being refused access the day before, according to a Reuters journalist at the scene.

The dacha, which is being confiscated along with a US warehouse in the south of the Russian capital, was used by US diplomatic staff at weekends and to host parties for students, journalists and other diplomats.

The removalalists said they arrived about 7 am and were seen packing beds and lamps into three white vans before leaving the property three hours later.

Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said US staff had to leave the dacha and warehouse by midday Tuesday, TASS news agency reported.

Ryabkov and the Kremlin said no one had obstructed US employees trying to access the property.

Putin said on Sunday Russia had ordered the United States to cut 755 of its 1200 diplomatic staff in its embassy and consular operations, though many will be Russian citizens, with the United States allowed to choose who leaves.

The ultimatum issued by the Russian leader is a display to voters at home that he is prepared to stand up to Washington but is also carefully calibrated to avoid affecting the US investment he needs or burning bridges with Trump.

Yingluck says she’s a ‘victim of a political game’ as verdict looms

Supporters at the Supreme Court, many with banners reading “We love Yingluck” and “We’re by your side”, mobbed the former prime minister, whose personal appeal in her heartland has surged as her legal travails have deepened.

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Yingluck’s government was toppled by the army in 2014 and she was then retroactively impeached.

She faces a criminal charge of negligence over a flagship policy to pay farmers nearly twice the market rate for their crops.

The scheme poured billions of dollars into her rural voter base but also allegedly caused massive graft as brokers sold sub-par rice or declared inflated inventories to scoop up the subsidy.

It left Thailand with huge stockpiles of unsold rice.

The court will issue a verdict on August 25, a ruling that could see Thailand’s first female prime minister jailed for up to 10 years.

In an impassioned hour-long speech to the court, Yingluck said she implemented the scheme in good faith to boost the incomes of Thailand’s poorest.

A woman holds a sign, “Yingluck Prime Minister in My Heart,” as former Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra arrives at the Supreme Court on Aug. 1, 2017.AAP

Calling for the charge to be dismissed she denied turning a blind eye to graft, saying the case was a politically motivated attack led by junta leader Prayut Chan-O-Cha.

“I hope I can rely on the court to consider the case based on the facts and (political) environment when I was prime minister and not on the current environment,” she said reading a 17-page defence.

“I am a victim of a subtle political game… I was not involved in corruption and I did not consent to corruption. I have done nothing wrong,” she added.

Her trial over the outcome of a government policy is unprecedented in Thailand, a febrile kingdom where legal claims and counter claims swirl around most key political players.

A guilty verdict also incurs an automatic lifetime ban from politics — a potential gut punch to the Shinawatra clan whose candidates have won every Thai general election since 2001.

The Shinawatras are hated by the arch-royalist army and their supporters among Bangkok’s elite, who for a decade have turned to coups and the courts to regain power after losing elections.

Checkmate?

The ruling will be a test of the kingdom’s stability after a decade defined by coups and bloody street protests.

It is also a bellwether of the resolve of Yingluck’s supporters in the face of a junta which has comfortably corralled them since seizing power in 2014.

“The trial is an injustice,” said 77-year-old farmer Perm Duangchan, who travelled several hours to greet the ex-PM at court.

“I want her to win the case so she can come back and help the country.”

In a sign of government concern over potential unrest hundreds of police were at the court on Tuesday as the 18-month trial neared its end.

Yingluck has the right to appeal any conviction.

But she is entangled in several other legal cases including a civil case seeking $1 billion compensation for losses over the rice policy.

The verdict could mean checkmate for the close-knit Shinawatra family, whose political networks spread across the north and northeast of the kingdom.

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On Wednesday the Supreme Court is due to rule whether Somchai Wongsawat, who was briefly premier in late 2008 and is the brother-in-law of Thaksin Shinawatra, is guilty over a deadly crackdown on a protest.

He also faces jail if convicted.

Thaksin, the billionaire family patriarch, sits at the core of Thailand’s festering divide.

He was overthrown as prime minister in a military coup in September 2006 and currently lives in self-imposed exile to avoid jail for graft convictions in Thailand.

Manus Island asylum seekers protest power cuts, PNG resettlement

Dozens of men held at the centre marched around the compound on Tuesday chanting “bring power back” and “we don’t want PNG”, a video shared by advocates from inside the compound shows.

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We support #ManusProtest #BringThePowerBack pic.twitter长沙桑拿按摩论坛,/udKfn5cDvd

— RRAN WA (@rranwa) August 1, 2017

With the Australian-run centre due to shut in October, the remaining 800 men on Manus are being urged to relocate to a temporary transit centre in the main town of Lorengau.

Water and power supplies were cut off at the centre’s largest compound on Monday, Reuters has reported.

PNG Prime Minister Peter O’Neill has said those deemed legitimate refugees would be resettled in the US under the deal brokered by the Turnbull government with the Obama administration, while others would be returned back to their country of origin.

#manusprotest Hundreds of refugees are gathering in Mike compound to tell Australian gov to stop pressuring people to live in PNG pic.twitter长沙桑拿按摩论坛,/SaeZeEoFLG

— Behrouz Boochani (@BehrouzBoochani) August 1, 2017

The “last remaining” people have been offered resettlement in PNG, he said.

The Tuesday protests were peaceful to send a message to the Australian government to “stop pressuring people to live in PNG,” Iranian Kurdish journalist inside the compound Behrouz Boochani said on Twitter.

#Manusprotes Hundreds of refugees are gathering in Mike compound to tell Australian gov to stop pressuring people to live in PNG pic.twitter长沙桑拿按摩论坛,/pOG0R6foLh

— Behrouz Boochani (@BehrouzBoochani) August 1, 2017

Asylum seekers fear PNG is not safe for permanent settlement.

There were also reports that three refugees were attacked and robbed in separate events on Manus Island at the weekend, including a Sudanese asylum seeker who suffered leg wounds after being attacked with a machete, an Iranian who was injured in an armed hold up and another man robbed while walking.

The Department of Immigration and Border Protection has been contacted for comment.

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Pakistan’s parliament elects ex-oil minister Abbasi as new PM

Abbasi is seen by the ruling party as a placeholder for Sharif’s designated successor, his younger brother Shahbaz, who must first secure election to the 342-member National Assembly.

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Abbasi, nominated by Sharif’s ruling Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N), secured 221 votes, Speaker Sardar Ayaz Sadiq announced on live television. He will be sworn in later Tuesday.

“I give the floor to the new prime minister of Pakistan,” Sadiq said as Abbasi took his place in the premier’s seat.

“I am thankful to all those who took part in this democratic process,” Abbasi said. “Those who were in favour, those who opposed me. This is the procedure in democracy. And I am also thankful to PML-N who nominated me for this post. Of all these, I am most thankful to Nawaz Sharif.”

Shabhaz Sharif, currently chief minister of Punjab province, plans to enter parliament by contesting the seat left vacant by his elder sibling before eventually taking over the premiership.

The constitution requires a candidate for prime minister to win a majority from the National Assembly, the lower house of parliament.

Three opposition candidates also submitted nomination papers to take part in the vote.

But Abbasi, a long-time Sharif loyalist, won easily as the PML-N commands a majority in parliament.

Nawaz Sharif was the 15th prime minister in Pakistan’s 70-year history — roughly half of which was spent under military rule — to be ousted before completing a full term.

The top court sacked him Friday after an investigation into corruption allegations against him and his family, bringing his historic third term in power to an unceremonious end and briefly plunging the nuclear-armed nation into political instability.

Abbasi is the former federal minister for petroleum and natural resources, and a businessman who launched the country’s most successful private airline, Air Blue.

Educated in the US at George Washington University, he worked in the US and Saudi Arabia as an electrical engineer before joining politics and being elected to the National Assembly six times.

He was arrested after the 1999 military coup led by General Pervez Musharraf which ended Nawaz Sharif’s second term as PM, and imprisoned for two years before being released.

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Shahbaz Sharif went into exile in Saudi Arabia along with Nawaz after Musharraf’s coup.

He returned to Pakistan in 2007 and was elected chief minister in the family’s power base of Punjab in 2008, becoming the longest serving top official in the province.

A tough administrator with a reputation for passionate outbursts, he is known for using revolutionary poetry in speeches and public meetings and considered by some to be a workaholic.

His scandalous relationships fuelled headlines in the past, but his marriage to the author Tehmina Durrani, who is his fifth wife, in 2003 has since dampened the media frenzy.

Shahbaz Sharif has been so far largely unscathed by the claims about the lavish lifestyles and luxury London property portfolio of the Sharif dynasty which have played out for months in the raucous news media.

It was an investigation into the claims, which first erupted with the Panama Papers leak last year, that eventually saw the Supreme Court oust Nawaz Sharif. He and his family have denied the accusations.

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No Bangladesh tour without new pay deal, says Australia’s Smith

The Australia A team boycotted their South Africa tour in July after a new Memorandum of Understanding could not be agreed and Smith says the senior team will skip the Bangladesh tour, which is scheduled to start on Aug.

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27.

“I’d like to, but as we’ve said for a long time we need to get the deal done first,” Smith told Fox Sports.

“I don’t think it would be fair for us to go away after the (Australia) A guys were very strong on not going away on their tour, for us to then go away I don’t think that’s fair.

“CA know this, they’ve been told this. I told (CA’s Executive General Manager Team Performance) Pat Howard personally that this was how things were going to be if there wasn’t a deal done.”

The dispute revolves around CA’s scrapping of the two-decade-old revenue share model, by which players get a fixed share of the organisation’s annual revenue, in the new pay deal.

Local media reported that CA is on the verge of an agreement with the players’ union and Smith remained hopeful that a solution would be found.

“It’s had some difficult moments,” the 28-year-old said.

“When this is all over with, I have to deal with Pat Howard, I have to deal with the (CA) Board and speak to (CA chief executive) James Sutherland so I have to be careful with what sort of lines I tread.

“Talking to the two parties and trying to figure out what each of them want and the best way forward. It’s been a long process and hopefully it comes to a close soon.”

Sutherland said last week that his organisation would take the pay dispute to arbitration if a resolution was not found by this week.

(Reporting by Aditi Prakash in Bengaluru, editing by Ed Osmond)

Gaffe-prone prince met his match in Abbott

The link between Australia and the Duke of Edinburgh stretches back more than half a century but his unwitting role in the downfall of a prime minister earns him a lasting mention in Australian history.

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Former prime minister Tony Abbott’s surprise move to award Prince Philip a Knight of the Order of Australia in January 2015 sparked a public and party backlash, and sowed the seeds for his ultimate removal later that year.

A week later Mr Abbott would confess he “probably overdid it on awards” before giving the power to award Orders of Australia solely to the council.

Even the gaffe-prone Prince Philip remained silent on the controversy, accepting the award from his wife, Queen Elizabeth, in a quiet Buckingham Palace ceremony several months later.

On Wednesday in London the Duke will attend his last official public engagement with a Captain General’s parade of the Royal Marines.

The announcement in May that the Duke was stepping down came after a day of much media speculation that the steadfast companion of the Queen for 70 years, may have died.

However, retiring at the age of 96, the Duke, who is the longest-serving consort in British history and also the oldest serving partner of a reigning monarch, is reported to be in good health.

He reportedly still takes the stairs rather than the lift and can still fit the uniform he wore on his wedding day.

Wednesday will be his 22,219th solo engagement since 1953, Buckingham Palace said.

The Duke of Edinburgh has been on 637 solo overseas visits, where his inappropriate comments often caused a stir in the hosting nation.

Over 20 royal visits to Australia were no different, asking Aboriginal leader Ivan Brim on a 2002 visit to Australia “do you still throw spears at each other?”

A decade earlier he refused to pat a koala in case he caught “some ghastly disease”.

Prince Philip’s naval career came to an end once his wife became Queen, but he served in WWII, seeing active service from the Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean.

In 1940 he escorted Australian soldiers from Melbourne to the Suez aboard battleship Ramilles, and five years later travelled to Australia as part of the British Pacific Fleet.

He joined the newly-crowned Queen Elizabeth on her Commonwealth tour in 1954, travelling across the country over eight weeks, and would return with her and on solo visits many times in the coming years.

During his visits to Australia he opened the 1956 Olympic Games in Melbourne, the 1962 Commonwealth Games in Perth, the Royal Australian Mint in 1965, was with the Queen when she opened the Sydney Opera House in 1973 and also opened the 1982 Commonwealth Games in Brisbane.

With that track record, it comes as no surprise that the Duke has been known to refer to himself as the “world’s most experience plaque-unveiler”.

The Duke of Edinburgh’s royal service in numbers from 1952 to August 2 2017:

* 22,219 – Solo engagements

* 637 – Solo overseas visits, including 229 visits to 67 Commonwealth countries, and 408 visits to 76 other countries

* 5496 – Speeches given

* 785 – Patronages

* 54 – Presentation of colours

* 32 – Service appointments

* 14 – Books authored

‘Sweeteners counterproductive to dieting’

Switching to artificial sweeteners to boost the impact of a weight loss diet is in fact counterproductive, new research suggests.

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An Australian animal study published in journal Cell Metabolism found artificial sweeteners combined with a low carbohydrate diet increased the amount of calories consumed and led to weight gain in fruit flies.

The findings expand on previous research that suggested sweeteners affect the brain in ways that alter the regulation of appetite and perceptions of taste.

“Here we show that acute ingestion of sucralose (sweetener) in the context of a low-carbohydrate diet causes a pronounced increase in calories consumed,” the authors said.

Researchers at the University of Sydney’s Charles Perkins Centre and School of Life and Environmental Sciences offered fruit flies diets with varying amounts of carbohydrate and sweeteners, and tracked resulting food intake.

Flies that consumed artificial sweeteners alongside a low carbohydrate diet showed an immediate increase in food intake.

The increase varied according to the dose of sweeteners provided and was not observed in flies consuming unsweetened foods.

Lead author Associate Professor Greg Neely says there is a growing body of evidence that shows a “clear” connection between artificial sweeteners, hunger and food intake.

While the findings of the fruit fly study may not translate to humans, Associate Professor Neely says a systematic investigation is required to understand the full impact of artificial sweeteners on overall health.

“Distorting the perceived energy value of food, by manipulating sweetness through artificial means, has unanticipated consequences in these animal studies” Associate Professor Neely said.

Tigers forwards impress Grimes in AFL

Well before the start of the AFL season, defender Dylan Grimes knew that Richmond had something good buzzing with their mosquito fleet.

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Jason “George” Castagna’s Rising Star nomination this week reflects the success of the Tigers’ new-look attack, especially the small forwards.

Their other Rising Star nomination this year has been Dan Butler – also a small forward.

When Grimes and the other Richmond backmen played on their forward teammates in intra-club matches earlier this year, the defenders had their work cut out.

“One thing I found was that it was just really challenging to match up on all of them,” Grimes said.

“You face a lot of forward lines now, they might have two or three really good players and really good targets.

“But the benefit of our forward line is that on any given day, we could have potentially seven different goalkickers, not to mention the midfield goalkickers as well.

“We get real consistency from week to week.”

Grimes is also rapt with the pressure efforts of their forwards, saying it has been a big factor in Richmond’s must better defence.

“The pressure they put on has been the best thing to happen to a backline in years,” he said.

The Tigers have gone from having the fourth-worst defence last season, based on the total points scored against them, to the second-best.

It has obviously helped that Grimes and fellow defenders Alex Rance and David Astbury have played every game this season.

Rance is surely a lock for another All-Australian selection, while Grimes is in career-best form and Astbury is also firing

But Grimes said the defensive pressure up the other end of the ground and through the midfield is crucial as well.

“It makes our jobs a lot easier, because instead of the players up the field have the time to pick through our defence, they’re constantly under pressure.

“(They’re) feeding us high balls or dirty ground balls.”

Grimes said the interrupted supply to opposition forwards means Rance is No.1 in the AFL for intercept possessions and Astbury is No.3.

Richmond are fourth heading into Sunday’s big game against Hawthorn, a game the Tigers should win despite the Hawks’ resurgence.

But Richmond’s well-documented history means no-one at Punt Rd is thinking too big just yet.

“We’ve played finals and not had that success – obviously there’s history there,” Grimes said.

“If we focus on what we do well and focus on playing our way, then we’re going to be hard to beat.”

Richmond lost three-straight elimination finals before plummeting out of the top eight last season.

Gay marriage support shifts over 10 years

While Australian MPs fret over whether to allow gay marriage, new data shows the battle of public opinion has already been won.

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Men in every age group have shifted their opinion on gay marriage – mainly opposing it in 2005 to generally supporting it in 2015.

New data from the long-running University of Melbourne HILDA study shows a profound shift towards the view that homosexual couples should have the same rights as heterosexual couples.

“In a sense that debate has kind of been won in terms of community attitudes, it just seems that the political system hasn’t caught up,” study author Professor Roger Wilkins told AAP.

The Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia survey interviews the same 17,000 people each year on a range of issues.

The proportion of women agreeing with a shift to equal gay marriage rights rose from 43 per cent in 2005 to 67 per cent in 2015.

Among men, the proportion rose from 32 per cent to 59 per cent.

Melbourne University gender studies lecturer Hannah McCann said it was the biggest shift in the marriage, children and parenting section of the survey.

“We have seen during that time period, from 2005 to 2015, so many countries around the world change their laws around marriage equality,” Dr McCann told AAP.

“I think that we can surmise that this has had some impact, the campaign has had some impact.”

Dr McCann said there was a slightly smaller change in older age groups.

“But overall everyone was changing towards the agreement end,” she said.

Young men aged 15 to 24 had the biggest positive shift.