A WEEKLY ROUND-UP OF NEWS AFFECTING YOUR HEALTH
SURGERY MAY NOT BENEFIT TENNIS ELBOW: STUDY
A study of 26 patients with the condition, which causes pain around the elbow and upper forearm, found that those who underwent a common surgery aimed at repairing their damaged elbow had the same outcomes as those who had a placebo procedure.
Half the group had surgery to remove a degenerated portion of their capri radialis brevis arm muscle, with the remaining half receiving an incision over their outer elbow.
The study’s lead researcher Martin Kroslak, from Sydney’s Orthopaedic Research Institute, said those who underwent the placebo treatment experienced the same improvements as those who had surgery.
“Our data shows both groups experienced significant improvements in pain measures by 26 weeks after surgery, including frequency of pain with activity,” he said.
“Further, these results were consistent or improved after one to four years of follow-up, with no significant difference between the two groups at any point.”
The research was presented at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine’s Specialty Day in San Diego.
FODMAP DIET MAY HELP WOMEN WITH IBIS, ENDOMETRIOSIS
Women with endometriosis and irritable bowel syndrome may benefit from following a low FODMAP diet, research suggests.
An analysis of 160 women who attended a specialist IBS clinic in Christchurch, New Zealand, found that 36 per cent also had endometriosis.
Of the women who had both conditions, nearly three quarters experienced improvement in bowel symptoms after four weeks following a diet low in FODMAP carbohydrates, researchers from Melbourne’s Monash University found.
Half the women who had IBIS but not endometriosis also reported improvements.
“The low FODMAP diet appears effective in women with gut symptoms and endometriosis,” the researchers wrote in an article published in The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
IBS, a common gastrointestinal disorder, affects one in seven Australian adults and includes symptoms such as abdominal pain, bloating and wind.
Carbohydrates known as FODMAPs (fermentable, oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols) contribute to IBS symptoms as they are poorly absorbed by the gastrointestinal tract.
MERINO WOOL NO IRRITANT FOR KIDS WITH ECZEMA
Kids with eczema may no longer have to avoid all woollen clothing for fear of it irritating their skin.
A clinical trial by the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute in Melbourne found superfine merino wool can reduce rather than exacerbate symptoms for kids with mild-to-moderate eczema.
Thirty nine children aged between four weeks and three years wore superfine merino wool clothes for six weeks before changing to cotton garmets. For the next six weeks they wore cotton before switching to the merino wool.
The study, published in the British Journal of Dermatology, found when children switched to wool after wearing cotton, there was a significant decrease in eczema severity.
However the eczema worsened when the children changed to cotton from wool.
“When comparing with cotton, there are inherent differences in fibre properties, [Merino] wool’s greater ability to transfer moisture vapour and heat than other major apparel fibres enable it to maintain a more stable microclimate between the skin and garment,” said the study’s lead author, Associate Professor John Su from the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute.
Nearly half of all snake bites in Australia occur in urban areas rather than the country.
The first report in a quarter of a century on death by snake bite in Australia has found most victims are male and bitten during the warmer months of the year.
More than half of the bites occur in or near home, with the brown snake responsible for 23 of the 35 deaths recorded between 2000 and 2016, the study by the Australian Venom Research Unit at the University of Melbourne found.
Lead researcher Dr Ronelle Welton said the review challenged widely held assumptions about where snake bites are most likely to happen.
“While the perception remains that snake bite incidents occur in rural areas, we found that nearly half the incidents occurred in an urban environment,” she said.
The study was published in the Journal Toxicon.